The Texas Association of Chicanos in Higher Education (TACHE) is dedicated to the improvement and advancement of education and employment opportunities for Latinos/Hispanics/Chicanos in higher education. Our purpose is to provide state, regional, and local forums for the discussion of topics related to LatinX's/Hispanics/ChicanX's and to actively engage in building networks with individuals/organizations focused on securing changes in laws and policies that are detrimental to our constituencies. Moreover, because TACHE is the mecca of Latino success in Texas, we take pride in providing educational advocacy, cultural recognition and promotion. mentorship, fellowship, networking, and academic opportunities to our members and comunidad.
Presidents from 1975-1999
75-77 Dr. Leonard Valverde
77-78 Dr. Michael Saenz *
78-79 Dr. Ernesto Ramirez
79-80 Margaret Garza
80-81 Neptali Garcia
81-82 Frank A. Longoria
82-83 Dr. Max Castillo
83-84 Dr. Baltazar Acevedo
84-85 Dr. Jude Valdez
85-86 Sylvia Ramos
86-87 Mary Helen Padilla
87-88 Joel Vela
88-89 Dr. Ramon Dovalina
89-90 Dr. Adriana Barrera
90-91 Linda Rodriguez
91-92 Sylvia Rodriguez
92-93 Rosario Torres Raines
93-94 R. Yvette Clark
94-95 Gil Castillo *
95-96 Felix Zamora
96-97 Daniel Hernandez
97-98 Dr. Juan Maldonado
98-99 Ed Apodaca
99-00 Dr. Jude Valdez
00-01 Felix Zamora
Presidents from 2000-Present
01-02 Dr. Rudy Rodriguez*
02-03 No Conference Held This Year
03-04 Dr. Ana Guzman
04-05 Dr. Elias Villarreal
05-06 Dr. Arturo Vega
06-07 Rosario Martinez Castillo
07-08 Gustavo Cedillo
08-09 Dr. Magdalena de la Teja
09-10 Gustavo Cedillo
10-11 Julie Arias
11-12 Dr. Criselda Leal
12-13 Linda Contreras Bullock
13-14 George Reyes
14-15 Julie Arias
15-16 Mauricio Rodriguez
16-17 Maria Aguirre
17-18 Belinda Saldaña Harmon
18-19 Dr. Elizabeth (Liz) Palacios
19-20 Dr. Daniel Rodriguez
20-21 Daniel Villanueva Jr.
21-22 Dr. Mayra Olivares-Urueta
22-23 Dr. Florencio U. Aranda III
The idea of establishing a statewide organization of Chicanos in higher education originated in September 1974, with the Chicano Faculty Association of the University of Texas at Austin.
*Professors Teresa H. Escobedo, Efraim Armendariz, and Leonard A. Valverde wrote a proposal that was funded by the National Education Task Force de La Raza, Southwest Regional Office, then directed by José Cárdenas.
At a February 1975 Education of Mexican Americans conference held in Austin and sponsored by the Chicano Faculty Association, the Mexican American School Board Members Association, the Texas Association of Mexican American Educators, and the Texas Association for Bilingual Education, a steering committee was selected to plan and implement the association. Out of over 700 Chicanos in professional staff positions in higher education in Texas identified by the steering committee, 156 attended the Mexican Americans in Higher Education Conference held in San Antonio, where the constitution was approved on August 9, 1975.
Today, past presidents are encouraged to continue to serve TACHE in an advisory board capacity. This is done to ensure TACHE not only preserves its past, but that it remains current, strong and a formidable player in the higher education arena and matters of policy impacting Chicanos and the community at-large.
Approved in 1974 the TACHE seal is designed as two concentric circles. The outside circular border contains the name of the Association and the date it was established. The inside circle contains the symbol of Quetzalcoatl, the patron god of the Aztec priesthood, of learning and knowledge.
Quetzalcoatl was one of several important gods in the Aztec pantheon along with the gods Tlaloc, Tezcatlipoca and Huitzilopochtli. To the Aztecs, Quetzalcoatl was, as his name indicates in Nahuatl, a feathered serpent. He also had anthropomorphic forms as in the TACHE logo where two forms are portrayed.
Since 1974 TACHE has been committed to the improvement of educational and employment opportunities for Chicanos in higher education, and believes in diversity and inclusion regardless of background. As an association the interchangeable term "Chicano" is used to include all of a Latino or Hispanic background, as well as those who support us, however we understand that there can be many interpretations of the term.
The following excerpts shows an interpretation from three of our past Presidents.
Dr. Magdalena de la Teja (President 2008-2009)
The term Chicano is one that signifies the history and legacy of a period of racism, discrimination, and segregation in the U.S. that required a civil rights movement by Mexican Americans and others. That movement included litigation, political activism, scholarship, and other forms of resistance. TACHE is an organization that is part of that movement which remains significant today. TACHE was formed to improve the higher educational opportunities for Mexican Americans/Chicanos and support those professionals within higher education. TACHE continues to be critical since access to higher education and degree attainment for Mexican Americans/Chicanos/Hispanics/Latinos still lags that of Whites. Additionally, we need more of that group represented in the leadership of our higher education institutions. We must also be consumers of the scholarship increasingly being written by Latinos about our history and struggles, including in the form of poetry, music, and art. Inclusivity of Latinos (e.g. Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, etc.) is very important as we need to raise the higher education attainment of all these groups. Mexican Americans comprise about two-thirds of the U.S. Latinos and will continue to be a significant portion of the Latinos we serve. At this point in our history, systemic racism still exists and micro-aggressions occur. TACHE provides us with the opportunity to teach others and ourselves about advocacy, social justice, and inclusion. Additionally, TACHE provides professional development through its annual conferences and makes accessible Latino scholars and leaders who validate us and affirm that our history (including the Chicano movement), culture, and traditions are an integral part of the American experience. TACHE has also made it a high priority to provide fellowships to honor outstanding graduate students and higher education faculty and staff for their contributions in support of TACHE’s mission. TACHE has encouraged the formation of chapters on university and college campuses which has spread its influence throughout Texas and the awarding of scholarships to undergraduate and graduate students. The term Chicano as part of TACHE will forever remind us of how we started, where we’ve been, and the journey we still need to travel together into the future.
George Reyes (President 2013-2014)
Chicano - a person who identifies with Indigenous Americans who have been treated as little (Chico) or lesser than, due to discrimination, racism, and exclusion; and supports efforts to create equity in education, cultural and historic relevance and prosperity.
Dr. Leonard A. Valverde (Founding TACHE President, Chair, 1974 Steering Committee)
Why Chicano is in the name of TACHE
The original thirteen steering committee members proposed the use of the term “Chicano” based on its historical and political meaning. Additionally, in our thinking, Chicano best represented the purpose of what TACHE was designed to stand for: fair treatment and proper representation of students, staff, faculty and administrators of Mexican descent in Texas institutions of higher education, K-12 schools and society. The 1974 conference attendees voted for the name, TACHE.
The term Chicano has been used since the early 20th Century in the United States. When first used, it simply identified an individual living in the U.S. whose parents or grandparents came from Mexico. However, as time went by, the label grew to have a negative meaning. Chicano was used to describe persons who were “pocho”; someone who spoke broken English, lacked fluency in Spanish, and mixed their language by adopting slang or “galo.”
Politically, being called a Chicano meant you were low class and uneducated. Chicanos did not fit into the American melting pot scheme because they did not assimilate into a WASP society. The gringo establishment wanted “Mexican-Americans” to accept the consequences of the acculturation process, i.e., not speak Spanish, not identify with Mexican culture, and accept the Anglo Saxon version of History.
However, with the start of the 1960s, the self styled “Chicano Movement” began with events like the LA City Schools student walkouts led by Sal Castro, the Crystal City Texas school protests led by Jose Angel Gutierrez, the Cesar Chavez farm labor efforts, and the political organization of La Raza Unidad Party. These groups and leaders adopted the terms “Chicano” or “Raza” instead of Mexican-American, Latino or Hispanic.
These groups took “Chicano” and gave it a new and positive meaning. Its use reflected our beliefs. We are not “disadvantaged”, instead we are bilingual, talented and skilled. We are able to navigate two cultures and lead within our own community. We are capable of proposing solutions to problems. We will not remain silent but instead be active. We will embrace our dark skin and Indian blood line over “Spanish-European” ancestry. We stand against discrimination of all people, advocate for inclusion, justice for all, and equal opportunity.
The spirit of being Chicano was best captured by Rudy “Corky” Gonzales in his 1970 poem, “I am Joaquin.” The two following excerpts from the poem are of particular significance. The first speaks to why we chose to call ourselves Chicanos:
Here I stand
Poor in money
Arrogant with pride
Bold with Macismo
Rich in courage
Wealthy in spirit and faith.
The second excerpt is particularly apt today given the recent social and political climate. The discrimination of the 1960’s has been reborn as Mexico has been falsely blamed for sending criminals to take U.S. jobs and the desire for mass deportation of all “undocumented” immigrants, the non-violent criminal “aliens”, and innocent “dreamers.”
The odds are great
But my spirit is strong
My faith unbreakable
My blood is pure
I am Aztec Prince and Christian Christ
I SHALL ENDURE!
I WILL ENDURE!
Chicanos, now more than ever, means people who stand up and challenge those who want to eliminate the hard fought and legitimate gains of groups like TACHE. Our leaders and members must continue to support groups and institutions who want to protect the progress made by Chicanos everywhere.
THE TEXAS ASSOCIATION OF CHICANOS IN HIGHER EDUCATIONAuthor(s): Jose Angel Gutierrez, Natalia Verjat GutierrezISBN: 9781467130820# of Pages: 128Publisher: Arcadia PublishingOn Sale Date: 12/02/2013Binding: Softcover
# of Images: 200 Black and White
About the TACHE book
For the past 40 years, the Texas Association of Chicanos in Higher Education (TACHE) has been on the forefront of advocacy to improve opportunity in higher education for US persons of Mexican origin. Chicano faculty at the University of Texas, together with a few Chicano students, organized the group’s first gatherings in 1974, and since then, TACHE has held thematic annual conferences that signal its mission and program focus and allow professional networking. Chicano faculty and students in colleges and universities have increased, but much still remains to be done. Although funding for education is drastically being cut, Chicano and Latino students are at the front door of higher education, and the number of college-ready students is reaching significant levels across the nation. The official designation of Hispanic-Serving Institution (HSI), for schools with Chicano and Latino student enrollment in excess of 25 percent, has become a badge of honor among colleges and universities.
Authors and TACHE members José Angel Gutiérrez and Natalia Verjat Gutiérrez have researched numerous records and combed the archives at the University of Texas–Austin to help tell the TACHE story. They are thankful for other TACHE members who have shared their photographs to document and preserve the organization’s history.